This is made by using the present term of the auxiliary verb have plus past participle of the verb to be (been) plus the -ing form of the verb.
Positive/Affirmative: subject + aux. verb + been + verb + ing
Negative: subject + aux. verb + not + been + verb + ing
Question: aux. verb + subject + been + verb + ing
- Auxiliary verb = have/has
- Past participle of verb “to be” = been
Example: It has been raining.
Now, let’s study some example situations for better understanding.
- You are out of breath. Have you been running? (Meaning: you are out of breath now)
- Paul is very tired. He has been working all day. (Meaning: he is tired now)
- Why are your clothes so dirty? What have you been doing?
- I have been talking to Amanda about the problem and she agrees with me.
- Where have you been? I have been looking for you everywhere.
- John has not been sleeping well lately.